By Barbara R. Blackburn Prior to teaching your lessons, it’s important to gauge where students are in their knowledge of the topic. If we don’t know where students are, it’s hard to determine what we need to do to help them learn at higher levels. Let’s start by looking at the characteristics of five student-oriented strategies for pre-assessment, two teacher-directed options, and effective formal pre-tests. Student-Oriented Strategies Here are five instructional strategies that give students the opportunity to demonstrate their…